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Agriculture, Food Security & Marketing

tobacco drying malawe

My agrarian research  includes rural social and economic development, notably: food marketing, agricultural policy, famine prevention and rehabilitation, urban food supply constraints, rural transport and the impact of public investment on rural welfare from a multi-disciplinary perspective, exemplified by my  study of the impact of HIV/AIDS on famine-prone rural communities in Malawi.  

market scene


African Agriculture and the World Bank: Development or Poverty? (ed.) 2007. Uppsala: Nordic Africa Institute, 75 pp. ISBN 91-7106-608-4, (with Kjell Havnevik, Lars-Erik Birgegård, Prosper Matondi & Atakilte Beyene)

Women Wielding the Hoe: Lessons from Rural Africa for Feminist Theory and Development Practice, (ed.) 1995. Oxford: Berg Publishers


Liberalizing Tanzania’s Food Trade: Public & Private Faces of Urban Marketing Policy 1939-1988. 1993. London: James Currey Publishers, 305 pp.

Food Insecurity and the Social Division of Labour in Tanzania, 1919-1985. 1990. London: Macmillan, 285 pp.



'Gender and Generational Patterns of African Deagrarianization: Evolving Labor and Land Allocation in Smallholder Peasant Household Farming, 1980-2015’. 2019. World Development 113: 60-72.

 ‘Sub-Saharan Africa’s Vanishing Peasantries and the Specter of a Global Food Crisis’, 2009. Monthly Review. July-August, 48-62.


‘African Agriculture and the World Development Report 2008’, 2008. Development Today. (with K. Havnevik) 


'Too Many Assumptions: Researching Grain Markets in Tanzania'. 1994. Nordic Journal of African Studies 3 (1), 29-45


'Trade Roots in Tanzania: Evolution of Urban Grain Markets under Structural Adjustment'. 1994. Sociologia Ruralis 34(1), 13-25


‘Urban Bias Revisited: Tanzanian Staple Food Pricing’. 1992. European Journal of Development Research 4 (2), Special Issue: Real Markets: Social and Political Issues of Food Policy Reform edited by C. Hewitt de Alcàntara, 82-106


'Nutrition and the Commoditization of Food in Sub-Saharan Africa'. 1989. Social Science and Medicine 28(5), 425-440


‘Peasant Cash Cropping versus Food Self-Sufficiency in Tanzania: A Historical Perspective’. 1988. IDS Bulletin 19(2), 37-46


‘Food and Urban Purchasing Power: The Case of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania’. 1985. African Affairs Vol. 84, No. 337, 499-522


‘"The Tepid Backwater": Bagamoyo District in the Tanganyikan Colonial Economy 1920-19’. 1983. Transafrican Journal of History vol. 11, 1-25


‘Tanzanian Grain Supply: Peasant Production and State Policies’, Food Policy 7(2). 1982. 113-124


‘Peasant Commodity Production in Post-Colonial Tanzania’. 1982. African Affairs Vol. 81, No. 325, 547-567


‘Colonial Famine Responses: The Case of Bagamoyo District, Tanganyika, 1920-1961’. 1981. Food Policy 6(2), 91-104


‘The National Grain Supply Problem in Tanzania, 1961-78’. 1980. Journal of the Geographical Association of Tanzania. nos. 19/20, 70-110


‘Changes in Peasant Food Production and Food Supply in relation to the Historical Development of Commodity Production in Pre-colonial and Colonial Tanganyika’. 1980. Journal of Peasant Studies 7 (3), 281-311



‘Sub-Saharan Africa’s Vanishing Peasantries and the Specter of a Global Food Crisis’ in Magdoff, F. and B. Tokar (eds). 2010. Agriculture and Food in Crisis: Conflict, Resistance and Renewal, New York, Monthly Review Press, 69-84.

‘Moral Economy Inversion: Ganyu Labour in Rural Malawi’ 2008. in Kimambo, I. and T. Tsuruta (eds), Moral Economy in Africa, Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam University Press, 91-110.

‘Maize Marketing Policies in Tanzania, 1939-98: From Basic Needs to Market Basics’, in Dijkstra, T., L. van der Laan and A. van Tilberg (eds). 1999. Agricultural Marketing in Tropical Africa, Aldershot: Ashgate, 19-42 (with Pekka Seppälä and Marja-Liisa Tapio-Biström)


‘Methods for Tracing Rapid Market Change: Urban Grain Supply Networks in Tanzania’, in Harriss-White, B. (ed.). 1999. Agricultural Markets from Theory to Practice: Field Experience in Developing Countries, London, Macmillan, 151-66

‘African Women Hoe Cultivators: Speculative Origins and Current Enigmas’, 3-22

‘Wishful Thinking: Theory and Practice of Western Donor Efforts to Raise Women's Status in Rural       Africa’, 201-13 

‘Burying the Hoe?’, 257-71

       in Bryceson, D.F. (ed.). 1995. Women Wielding the Hoe: Lessons from Rural Africa for Feminist Theory and Development Practice, Oxford:

       Berg Publishers


‘Dar es Salaam Food Shortages: Causes and Responses’. 1988. in Jonsson, U., M.C. Latham, L. Bondestam and P. Chorlton (eds.), Hunger and Society, vol. 3, Causes and Strategies in Tanzania, Cornell International Nutrition Monograph Series, No. 19, 286-296


‘A Century of Food Supply in Dar es Salaam: From Sumptuous Suppers for the Sultan to Maize Meal for a Million’. 1987. in Guyer, J. (ed.), Feeding African Cities, International African Institute, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 155-202


‘The Organization of Tanzanian Grain Marketing: Switching Roles of the Co-operative and the Parastatal’. 1985. in K. Arhin, P. Hesp and L. van der Laan (eds.), Marketing Boards in Tropical Africa, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul PLC, 53-78


'Second Thoughts on Marketing Co-operatives in Tanzania: Background to their Re-instatement’. 1983. Plunkett Development Series 5, Plunkett Foundation for Cooperative Studies, Oxford, 45 pp.



Rural Development Priorities in the 21st Century: Towards a Strategy for FAO, FAO, Rome, 2008.


African Agriculture and the World Bank: Development or Impoverishment? Policy Dialogue no. 1 Uppsala, Nordic Africa Institute. October 2007. (with Kjell Havnevik, Lars-Erik Birgegård, Prosper Matondi & Atakilte Beyene), FULLTEXT01

Modernizing Rural Livelihoods and Transport in Africa: Directions and Dilemmas, Learning from Others, 6thInternational Colloquium on Working Equids, The Brooke Animal Hospital, New Delhi, November 2010, 76-79.


Globalization, Structural Adjustment and African Agriculture: Analysis and Evidence, Centre for Business Research, University of Cambridge Working Paper no. 414, 37 pp. (with Shailaja Fennell, Prabirji Sarkar, & Ajit Singh), September 2010.


European Report on Development background paper, European Union/European University Institute, 23 pp. (with Shailaja Fennell, Prabirji Sarkar & Ajit Singh), 2009.

Wage Earners and Food Foraging in Tanzania: Past and Present Dilemmas. 1986. Centre for Development Research Seminar Paper B.86.2, Copenhagen, 38 pp.



Famine and Survival Strategies: A Case Study from Northeast Ethiopia by Dessalegn Rahmato, Uppsala, Scandinavian Institute of African Studies, 1991. and Bill Rau, From Feast to Famine: Official Cures and Grassroots Remedies to Africa's Food Crisis, London, Zed Books Ltd., 1991. in Development and Change 26(1), 201-203, 1995.


The Widening Gyre: The Tanzanian One-Party State and Policy towards Rural Cooperatives, by Oda van Cranenburgh, Delft, The Netherlands, Eburon, 1990. in African Affairs 90 (361), 632-3, 1991.


Famine in East Africa: Food Production and Food Policies, by Ronald E. Seavoy, New York, Greenwood Press, 1989. in The International Journal of African Historical Studies 23(2), 337-8, 1990.


Mechanization and Maize: Agriculture and the Politics of Technology Transfer in East Africa, by Constance Anthony, New York, Columbia University Press, 1988. in The International Journal of African Historical Studies 22(1), 183-4


Economic and Social Transformation in Rural Kenya, by John Carlssen, Copenhagen, Centre for Development Research, 1980. in Taamuli 10(1), 58-61, 1980

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