Social Institutions, Gender & Generational Dynamics

Research on Social Dynamics and Institutions – including the changing nature of the family, transnational families, creole societies, social networks, drinking patterns, work cultures, age and gender differentiation, women's employment patterns and participatory research methodology. 



Identity and Networks: Fashioning Gender and Ethnicity across Cultures (ed.) 2007. Oxford, Berghahn (with Judith Okely and Jonathan Webber)


The Transnational Family: New European Frontiers and Global Networks (ed.) 2002. Oxford, Berg Publishers (with Ulla Vuorela), 276 pp.


Alcohol in Africa: Mixing Business, Pleasure and Politics. (ed.) 2002. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 305 pp.

Gender and Generational Patterns of African Deagrarianization: Evolving Labor and Land Allocation in Smallholder Peasant Household Farming, 1980-2015’. 2019. World Development 113: 60-72. <>

‘For Richer, for Poorer: Marriage and Casualized Sex in East African Artisanal Mining Settlements’. 2014. Development and Change 45(1): 1-26 (with J.B. Jønsson and H. Verbrugge)


‘‘Prostitution or Partnership? Wifestyles in Tanzanian Artisanal Gold-mining Settlements’, 2013. Journal of Modern African Studies 51(1): 33-56 (with J.B. Jønsson and H. Verbrugge)


‘Who Cares? Family and Lineage Coherence and Caring Capacity during Rural Malawi’s AIDS Crisis’, in Bertram, H. (ed.) Family, Ties and Care, 2011, Berlin, Barbara Budrich Publisher.


Of Criminals and Clients: African Culture and Afro-Pessimism in a Globalized World’. 2000. Journal of Canadian African Studies 34 (2), 417-42


'Outside the Domestic Labor Debate: Towards a Theory of Modes of Human Reproduction’. 1984. Review of Radical Political Economics, No. 17, 4-27 (with Ulla Vuorela)


‘The Proletarianization of Women in Tanzania’. 1980. Review of African Political Economy, No. 17, 4-27


‘Research Methodology and the Participatory Research Approach’. 1980. Jipemoyo No. 2, Tanzanian Ministry of National Culture and Youth, 10-25



‘Domestic Work’, in Bellucci, S. and A. Eckert (eds), 2019. General Labour History of Africa: Workers,  Employers and Governments 20th-21st Centuries. Geneva, International Labour Office, 301-333. [original title: ‘Domestic Labour in Africa, 1900-2015: Housework, Expanding Commodification and Women’s Productive and Reproductive Roles’]

‘The Urban Melting Pot in East Africa: Ethnicity and Urban Expansion in Dar es Salaam and Kampala’, 2009. in Nugent, P. and F. Locatelli (eds), African Cities: Competing Claims on Urban Space, Leiden, Brill, 241-60.


‘Introduction: The Artistry of Social Life’. 2007. in Bryceson, D.F., J. Okely and J. Webber (eds), Identity and Networks: Fashioning Gender and Ethnicity across Cultures. Oxford, Berghahn Publishers, 1-18.


‘Alcohol in Africa’. Encyclopedia of Western Colonialism since 1450. Michigan, Macmillan, 2007.


‘Transnational Families in the Twenty-first Century’, 3-30 (with U. Vuorela)

‘Europe’s Transnational Families and Migration: Past and Present, 31-59

‘Epilogue’, 265-67

    in Bryceson, D.F. and U. Vuorela (eds). 2002. The Transnational Family: New European Frontiers and Global Networks, Oxford, Berg Publishers 


‘Alcohol in Africa: Substance, Stimulus and Society’. 3-21

‘Changing Modalities of Alcohol Usage’, 22-52

‘Pleasure and Pain: The Ambiguity of Alcohol in Africa’, 267-291 

in Bryceson, D.F. (ed.). 2002. Alcohol in Africa: Mixing Business, Pleasure and Politics, Portsmouth, NH, Heinemann 


‘Structural Adjustment in Tanzania: Rural Women Farmers: Production Opportunity or Overload?’. 1996. in Schmied, D. (ed.), Changing Rural Structures in Tanzania, Munster: Lit Verlag, 1-30


‘African Women Hoe Cultivators: Speculative Origins and Current Enigmas’, 3-22

‘Wishful Thinking: Theory and Practice of Western Donor Efforts to Raise Women's Status in Rural Africa’, 201-13 

‘Burying the Hoe?’, 257-71

in Bryceson, D.F. (ed.). 1995. Women Wielding the Hoe: Lessons from Rural Africa for Feminist Theory and Development Practice, Oxford: Berg Publishers


‘Gender Relations in Tanzania: Cultural Consensus or Power Politics?’. 1995. in Creighton, C. and C.K. Omari, (eds.), Family, Household and Gender in Tanzania, Aldershot: Avebury


‘Women's Proletarianization and the Family Wage in Tanzania’. 1985. in H. Afshar (ed.), Women, Work, and Ideology in the Third World, London: Tavistock Publications, 128-152


‘Women in Town: Emancipation and Proletarianization’. 1985. in Swantz, M-L., Women in Development: A Creative Role Denied? The Case of Tanzania, London: C. Hurst & Company, 122-152 (with Marja-Liisa Swantz)


‘The Concept of Development in the Social Sciences’, 13-27 (with Kemal Mustafa)

 ‘Participatory Research: Redefining the Relationship between Theory and Practice’, 87-109 (with Kemal Mustafa)

         in Kassam, Y. and K. Mustafa (eds.). 1982. Participatory Research, African Adult Education Association, New Delhi: Grafique


‘The Methodology of the Participatory Research Approach’. 1981. in Dubell, F., T. Erasmie and J. de Vries (eds.), Research for the People, Sweden: Linkoping University (with Linzi Manicom and Yusuf Kassum)


‘Social, Political and Economic Factors affecting Women's Material Conditions in Tanzania', 155-167, 

‘A Review of Maternity Protection Legislation in Tanzania’, 168-181

‘A Review of Statistical Information on Women in the Work Force and Seeking Employment in Dar es Salaam and their Families' Economic Welfare’, 182-212, 

         in Mgaza, O. and H. Bantje (eds.). 1980. Infant Feeding in Dar es Salaam, BRALUP/Tanzania Food and Nutrition Centre Joint Publication



Women and Technology in Developing Countries: Technological Changes and Women's Capabilities and Bargaining Positions. 1985. United Nations International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (INSTRAW), Santo Domingo, May 1985, 44 pp. 


Subsistence or Beyond? Money Earning Activities of Women in Rural Tanzania.  (ed.) 1980. BRALUP Research Report No. 45/UWT (Tanzania national women's organization), 163 pp. (with Mary Kirimbai)


Proceedings of the Workshop on Women's Studies and Development. 1979. BRALUP Research Paper No. 60, University of Dar es Salaam, 81 pp. (with N. Sachak)


Women Workers in Dar es Salaam: 1973/74 Survey of Female Minimum Wage Earners and Self-Employed,. 1976. BRALUP Research Paper No. 43, University of Dar es Salaam, 35 pp.  (with Marja-Liisa Swantz)



Women striving for Self-Reliance: Diversity of Female-headed Households in Tanzania and the Livelihood Strategies They Employ, by Anke van Vuuren, Amsterdam, Drukkerij Haan-Bedum, 2003. in Tanzanian Affairs no. 79, 36-37, 2004.


TANU Women: Gender and Culture in the Making of Tanganyikan Nationalism, 1955-1965, by Susan Geiger, Portsmouth, NH, Heinemann, 1997. in Commonwealth & Comparative Politics, vol. 37, No. 1, 141-43, 1999.


African Women South of the Sahara by Margaret Jean Hay and Sharon Stichter (eds), second edition, New York, Longman, 1995. in Journal of Gender Studies, 1996.


Changing Family Life in East Africa: Women and Children at Risk, by Philip Leroy Kilbride and Janet Capriotti Kilbride,  London, The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1990. in Development and Change, 23(1), 184-186, 1992.


Persistent Inequalities: Women and World Development, edited by Irene Tinker, New York, Oxford University Press, 1990. in Labour, Capital and Society 24 (2), 263-66. 1991.  


The Women's Question and the Modes of Human Reproduction: An Analysis of a Tanzanian Village, by  Ulla Vuorela, Helsinki, Scandinavian Institute of African Studies, 1987. in Journal of Peasant Studies 16(3), 457-459. 1989.


Women in Tanzania by Ophelia Mascarenhas and Marjorie Mbilinyi, Uppsala, Scandinavian Institute of African Studies, 1983. in Review of African Political Economy, No. 27/28, 215, 1984.


'Transnational Families Negotiating Migration and Care Life Cycles across Nation-State Borders' in Bryceson, D.F. (ed) 2019. Transnational Families in Global Migration: Navigating Economic Development and Life Cycles across Blurred and Brittle Borders', in Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies,