Publications

BOOKS & JOURNAL SPECIAL ISSUES

Transnational Families in Global Migration: Navigating Economic Development and Life Cycles across Blurred and Brittle Borders (ed.) 2019. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies

See link: https://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/Pmemgt3XuzcYHgU4qvgr/full

Mining & Social Transformation in Africa: Mineralizing and Democratizing Trends in Artisanal Production (ed.) 2014. 

Abingdon, UK: Routledge, 217 pp. ISBN 978-0-415-83370-7 (with Eleanor Fisher, Jesper  Bosse Jonsson & Rosemarie Mwaipopo)

After more than three decades of economic malaise, many African countries are experiencing an upsurge in their economic fortunes linked to the booming international market for minerals. While a proliferating literature covers the economic expansion of artisanal mining, this edited collection is the first to probe its societal impact, demonstrating that artisanal mining has the potential to be far more democratic and emancipating than preceding modes. Written by authors with fresh research insights based on the Tanzanian experience, the work lives and associated lifestyles of miners and residents of mining settlements are brought to the fore. Questions of value transfers out of the artisanal mining sector, value capture by elites and changing configurations of gender, age and class differentiation all arise

Mining & Urbanisation in Africa: Population, Settlement and Welfare Trajectories (ed.) 2012. 

Abingdon, UK: Routledge, 210 pp. ISBN 978-0-415-82625 (with Danny MacKinnon)

also appearing as a Special Issue of Journal of Contemporary African Studies 30(4)

Bringing together literatures on mining and urbanisation at a time when small as well as large-scale mining operations are expanding in many African economies, this edited collection benefits from a cross-section of national case studies of countries steeped in long historical experience of mining (Southern Africa,Ghana), as opposed to a recently mineralising country (Tanzania), and conflict mineral influenced countries (Angola, Sierra Leone and the Democratic Republic of Congo). The African continent represents a laboratory of variable mining experiences differentially impacting on settlement and rates of urbanisation.

How Africa Works: Occupational Change, Identity and Morality (ed.) 2010. 

London: Practical Action Publishers, 299 pp. ISBN 978-1-85339-691-5

The search for alternative, viable livelihoods in times of economic crisis erodes age-old occupational pursuits and work hierarchies while new occupational identities and ethics coalesce. Social trust is put to the test as novel work situations and mobility patterns emerge. How Africa Works identifies the influence of changing work modes on the moral economy and social dynamics of the continent. Probing how occupational change alters identity and moulds consensus towards a new social morality, this book challenges the view that development is secured through a market or alternatively a state-led path. Case studies reveal a wealth of insights into the interaction between states, markets, communities and households, illustrating how material reality and ethical values transform in unexpected ways. 

Africa , Transport and the Millennium Development Goals (ed.) 2009. 

Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 201 pp. ISBN (13): 978-1-4438-1300-6, 

(with Margaret Grieco, Muna Ndulo, Gina Porter and Talia McCray)

The MDGs target basic needs provisioning yet ignore the potential role of transport in delivering those needs. Recent attempts to marry the MDGs with African transport policy are problematic given the exaggerated emphasis placed on road-building. Without due regard to the actual mobility patterns of the African poor and the fact that motorized transport is a near irrelevance to most of them, little improvement can be expected from road-centered transport policies. This book provides detailed studies of the transport realities of the African poor with a view to finding practical measures for their amelioration.  

African Agriculture and the World Bank: Development or Poverty? (ed.) 2007. 

Uppsala: Nordic Africa Institute, 75 pp. ISBN 91-7106-608-4, 

(with Kjell Havnevik, Lars-Erik Birgegård, Prosper Matondi and Atakilte Beyene)

Despite the World Bank’s poverty alleviation concerns, agrarian livelihoods continue to unravel under the impact of economic liberalization and global value chains. Can African smallholders bounce back and compete? The World Development Report 2008 argues they can and must. How realistic is this given the history of World Bank conditionality in Africa? This book explores the productivity and welfare concerns of Africa’s smallholder farming population in the shadow of the World Bank.

Identity and Networks: Fashioning Gender and Ethnicity across Cultures (ed.) 2007.

Oxford: Berghahn, 310 pp. (with Judith Okely and Jonathan Webber)

Contrary to the negative assessments of the social order that have become prevalent in the media since 9/11, this wide-ranging collection of essays, mostly by social anthropologists, focuses instead on the enormous social creativity being invested as collective identities are reconfigured. 

Using fieldwork findings drawn from Africa, Asia, and Europe, special emphasis is placed on the reformulation of ethnic and gender relationships and identities in the cultural, social, political, and religious realms of public life. Under what circumstances does trust arise, paving the way for friendship, collegiality, knowledge creation, national unity, or emergence of leadership? How is social life constructed as a collective endeavour? The inspiration for examining these conundrums is the work and person of Shirley Ardener, to whom the volume is dedicated.

African Urban Economies: Viability, Vitality or Vitiation? (ed.) 2006. 

London: Palgrave Macmillan, 353 pp. (with Deborah Potts) 

How have Africa’s cities provided economic livelihood and shelter to growing populations amidst the continent’s protracted economic crisis of the last three decades? African urban areas have not received as much attention as rural areas, yet the continent is steadily urbanizing with profound implications for national economic development and welfare. This book provides fresh insight into the dynamics of African urban economic growth and associated social and political change. Based on recent city case studies and longitudinal data collection, the book outlines economic trends and key urban theories in an accessible style.

The Transnational Family: New European Frontiers and Global Networks (ed.) 2002. Oxford: Berg Press, 276 pp. (with Ulla Vuorela) 

Migrant networks, in the form of families, associational ties and social organizations, stretch across the globe, connecting cultures and bridging national boundaries. The effects of this global networking are vast. This book is the first to stand back and explore the impact.

 

Families living outside of their original national boundaries have had, and continue to have, a profound influence over the flow of people, goods, money and information. From an examination of nineteenth-century transnational families emigrating from Europe, to the Ghanaian Pentecostal diaspora in Europe today, this book combines broadly based analysis with more unusual case studies to reveal the complexities that immigrants and refugees must contend with in their daily lives. The book, wide-ranging in its geographical and thematic scope, is a highly important and timely addition to debates on transnational families, immigrants and refugees.

Alcohol in Africa: Mixing Business, Pleasure and Politics. (ed.) 2002. 

Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 305 pp.

Alcohol in Sub-Saharan Africa has historically been a conduit for religious and political expression controlled by male elders. Currently, alcohol is a taboo subject for donors and African governments alike, yet it is at the nexus of many of the continent's most pressing problems. Agricultural sector decline, large-scale labor redundancy, household instability, and AIDS have cause or effect linkages to changing alcohol usage. This edited collection explores the economic, political, and social meanings of alcohol in Africa. The material is contextualized within a review of existing anthropological, social history, and social welfare literature on alcohol, and a broad historical overview of continental trends in alcohol production and consumption. Both the pleasure and the pain of alcohol usage emerge, providing insight into the ambiguity of alcohol in Africa today.

Disappearing Peasantries? Rural Labour in Africa, Asia and Latin America. (ed.) 2000.  London: Intermediate Technology Publications, 333 pp (with Cristobal Kay and Jos Mooij) 

This book comes at a time when the peasant transition process has reached a critical juncture. The rich case study material from three continents illustrates the pressures and opportunities that have befallen peasants, leading them to ‘diversify’ into a number of occupations and non-agricultural income-earning avenues. Multi-occupational livelihoods, intensified labour mobility and flexibility, straddled urban and rural residences, and flooded labour markets are analyzed, showing how peasant labour redundancy can undermine rural welfare and political stability. Academics and policy-makers of the 21st century cannot ignore the world’s disappearing peasantries without endangering sustainable development and international security.

Farewell to Farms: De-agraianization and Employment in Africa .(ed.) 1997. Aldershot: Ashgate, 265 pp. (with Vali Jamal)

Is Africa’s future necessarily rooted in peasant agriculture? The title of this book, Farewell to Farms, is deliberately intended to challenge the widely held view that Africa is the world’s reserve for peasant farming. African rural populations are themselves moving away from a reliance on agriculture. ‘Deagrarianization’ takes the form of urban migration as well as the expansion of non-agricultural activities in rural areas providing new income sources, occupations and social identities for rural dwellers. 

Using recent continent-wide case study evidence, the authors assess the impact of deagrarianization on household welfare, business performance and national development. Their findings, revealing new economic trajectories and social patterns emerging from a period of accelerated change, call into question assumptions about Africa’s future place in the world division of labour

How effective is western aid-agency intervention in Africa? What can African women do to manage the AIDS crisis? Can western feminist theory be applied to the rural African context?

These vital issues, and many others, are considered in this topical book by eminent scholars and development consultants. The book aims to increase awareness of the importance of women agricultural producers to African material development and to expose the western biases that have traditionally pervaded the study of rural African women. The authors’ critical analysis of conventional research methodology and key ‘women and development’ debates over the last three decades will stimulate new research perspectives.

Why and how did Tanzania liberalize its trade in staple rice and maize? Deborah Bryceson shows the way the process has affected grain traders and households in five Tanzanian towns. She draws on ten years’ research to put this rich material within the political, social and geographical context of a country which took a pioneering role after independence. The independent Tanzanian government believed that parastatal marketing was central to food security. So the long economic crisis had an associated moral crisis of public accountability. This led to conflict with the IMF over the relative roles of the state and the market. 

Most studies of famine and the African food crisis stress how the socio-economic context affects the occurrence of food shortages. In contrast, this book argues that food insecurity itself influences the social and economic organization of the society. Through this approach the author provides a new interpretation of the causes and consequences of Tanzania’s present economic crisis. The book examines the impact of changing food availability on the functioning of the state, the market and clientage networks over seven decades. The conclusion is that clientage is no less important than the state and market as an organizational force in Tanzanian society, and, under heightened food insecurity, the state and market lose ground to clientage. 

Journal Articles and Chapters in Books

‘Domestic Work’, in Bellucci, S. and A. Eckert (eds), 2019. General Labour History of Africa: Workers,  Employers and Governments 20th-21st Centuries. Geneva, International Labour Office, 301-333. 

‘Transnational Families Negotiating Migration and Care Life Cycles across Nation-State Borders’ in Bryceson, D.F. (ed) 2019. Transnational Families in Global Migration: Navigating Economic Development and Life Cycles across Blurred and Brittle Borders, in Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. https://doi.org/10.1080/1369183X.2018.1547017

 

‘Gender and Generational Patterns of African Deagrarianization: Evolving Labor and Land Allocation in Smallholder Peasant Household Farming, 1980-2015’. 2019. World Development 113: 60-72. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2018.08.021

 

‘Artisanal Gold Rush Mining and Frontier Democracy: Juxtaposing experiences in America, Australia, Africa and Asia, in Lahiri-Dutt, K. (ed.) 2018. Between the Plough and the Pick: Informal, Artisanal and Small-scale Mining in the Contemporary World. Canberra, Australia National University Press, 31-61. ISBN9781760461713. http://doi.org/10.22459/BPP.03.2018https://press.anu.edu.au/publications/between-plough-and-pick

 

‘Deagrarianisation and Depeasantisation in Africa’ in Binns, T., K. Lynch and E. Nel (eds) 2018. The Routledge Handbook of African Development. Routledge. 368-377, http://bit.ly/AfrDevHandbk

‘Precarity in Angolan Diamond Mining Towns, 1920-2014: Tracing Agency of the State, Mining Companies and Urban Households’ 2018. Journal of Modern African Studies 56(1), 113-141. (with C.U. Rodrigues). https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022278X17000507

 

‘Beyond the Artisanal Mining Site: Migration, Housing Capital Accumulation and Indirect Urbanisation in Tanzania' 2017. Journal of East African Studies 11(1), 3-23 (with J.B. Jønsson).http://dx.do.org/10.1080/17531055.2017.1287245

 

'Artisanal Frontier Mining of Gold in Africa: Labour Transformation in Tanzania and the Democratic Republic of Congo’, 2016. African Affairs 115(459): 296-317. (with S. Geenen)

 

‘Beyond Livelihoods: Occupationality and Career Formation in African Artisanal Gold Mining’, 2016. in Havnevik, K., T. Oestigaard, E. Tobisson & T. Virtanen (eds). Framing African Development - Challenging Concepts. Leiden: Brill, 90-110. ISBN 9789004305410

 

‘Reflections on the Unraveling of the Tanzanian Peasantry, 1975-2015’. in Stahl, M. (ed.) 2015. Looking back, Looking Ahead: Land, Agriculture and Society in East Africa. Uppsala, Nordic Africa Institute. 9-36.

 

‘Youth in Urbanizing MIning Settlements: Prospecting Tanzania’s Mineralized Future’ 2015. in Resnick, D. and J. Thurlow (eds) African Youth and the Persistence of Marginalization: Employment, Politics, and Prospects for Change. London: Routledge, 85-108.

 

‘Re-evaluating the Influence of Urban Agglomeration in Sub-Saharan Africa: Population Density, Technological Innovation and Productivity’, 2014. in Parnell, S. & S. Oldfield (eds) The Routledge Handbook on Cities of the Global South. London: Routledge, 206-18.

 

‘For Richer, for Poorer: Marriage and Casualized Sex in East African Artisanal Mining Settlements’. 2014. Development and Change 45(1): 1-26 (with J.B. Jønsson and H. Verbrugge) http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/dech.12067/full

 

‘Prostitution or Partnership? Wifestyles in Tanzanian Artisanal Gold-mining Settlements’, 2013. Journal of Modern African Studies 51(1): 33-56 (with J.B. Jønsson and H. Verbrugge)  http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=8843296

 

  ‘Eureka and Beyond: Mining’s Impact on African Urbanisation’, 2012. (with D. MacKinnon), 513-27. http:///doi/abs/10.1080/02589001.2012.719376

  ‘Unearthing Treasure and Trouble: Mining as an Impetus to Urbanisation in Tanzania’, 2012. (with J.B. Jønsson, C. Kinabo & M. Shand), 631-49.

Journal of Contemporary African Studies, October 2012, Special Issue edited by Bryceson, D.F. and D. Mackinnon, Mining and Urbanisation in Africa: Population, Settlement and Welfare, 190 pp.  http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/cjca20/30/4#.Uoe_ymRmUrh

 

‘Discovery & Denial: Social Science Theory and Interdisciplinarity in African Studies’, 2012, African Affairs 111(443), April issue.lhttp://afraf.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2012/02/09/afraf.ads001.full.pdf?keytype=ref&ijkey=b0ZzJxPVr1jaAAM

‘Ganyu in Rural Malawi: Transformation of Local Labour Relations under Famine and HIV/AIDS Duress’, in Abbink, J. (ed.) 2012. Fractures and Reconnections and the Redefining of African Political and Economic Space. Leiden, African Studies Centre / Zurich, Lit Verlag, 37-59.

 

‘Birth of a Market Town in Tanzania: Towards narrative Studies of Urban Africa’. 2011. Journal of Eastern Africa Studies 5(2). 274-93. http://eprints.gla.ac.uk/52567/

 

From Agrarian Moral Economy to Plural Civil Society in Southeast Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa’, 2011. in Maghimbi, S., I.N. Kimambo and K. Sugimura (eds) 2011, Contemporary Perspectives on Moral Economy: Africa and South East Asia, Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam University Press, 73-90. (with D. Henley)

 

‘Who Cares? Family and Lineage Coherence and Caring Capacity during Rural Malawi’s AIDS Crisis’, 2011. in Bertram, H. & N. Ehlert (eds) Family, Ties and Care, Berlin, Barbara Budrich Publisher, 503-20. 

 

‘Miners’ Magic: Artisanal Mining, the Albino Fetish and Murder in Tanzania’, 2010. Journal of Modern African Studies 48(3), 353-82 http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=7872251 (with J.B. Jønsson & R. Sherrington).   

 

‘Gold Digging Careers in Rural Africa: Small-Scale Miners’ Livelihood Choices’, 2010. World Development 38(3), 379-92 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2009.09.003 (with J.B. Jønsson)

‘Sub-Saharan Africa’s Vanishing Peasantries and the Specter of a Global Food Crisis’. 2010, in Magdoff, F. & B. Tokar (eds). Agriculture and Food in Crisis: Conflict, Resistance and Renewal, New York, Monthly Review Press, 69-84. 

The Proletarianization of Women in Tanzania’. 2010,  in Turshen, M. (ed.) African Women: A Political Economy, London, Palgrave Macmillan, 53-69.

 

‘Agrarian Fundamentalism or Foresight?  Revisiting Nyerere’s Vision for Rural Tanzania’. 2010. in Havnevik, K. and A. Isinika (eds) Tanzania in Transition: From Nyerere to Mkapa, Dar es Salaam, Mkuki na Nyota Publishers, 71-98.

 

  ‘Africa at Work: Transforming Occupational Identity and Morality’, 3-26. doi 10.13140/2.1.2874.1447

  ‘Between Moral Economy and Civil Society: Professional Ethics Bridging Familial Solidarity and Civic Morals’, 265-87. doi 10.13140/2.1.1825.5682

in Bryceson, D.F. (ed.) 2010. How Africa Works: Occupational Change, Identity and Morality, London, Practical Action Publishing. ISBN 979-1-85339-691-5

‘Dar es Salaam as a “Harbour of Peace” in East Africa: Tracing the Role of Creolized Urban Ethnicity in Nation-State Formation’. 2010. in Beall, J., B. Guha-Khasnobis & R. Kanbur (eds) Urbanization and Development: Multidisciplinary Perspectives. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 219-34.

 

  'Rural-Urban Transitions in Northwestern Tanzania’s Mining Frontier’ (with Rosemarie Mwaipopo), 158-174.

  'Frontier Mining Settlements: Livelihood Promises and Predicaments’ (with Paul Yankson), 189-197.

in Agergaard, J., N. Fold and K. Gough (eds). 2010. Rural Urban Dynamics: Livelihoods, Mobility and Markets in African and Asian Frontiers. London, Routledge.

 

‘Swahili Creolization: The Case of Dar es Salaam’. 2010. in Cohen, R. & P. Toninato (eds) The Creolization Reader: Studies in Mixed Identities and Cultures, London, Routledge, 364-75. 

‘Rushing for Gold: Mobility and Small-Scale Mining in East Africa’, 2009. Development and Change 40(2), 249-79. http://doi/10.1111/j.1467-7660.2009.01514.x/full(with J.B. Jønsson)

 

 ‘World Bank Urban Geography: Critical Commentary on the World Development Report 2009. “Reshaping Economic Geography”’,2009. Urban Studies 46(4), 723-38 http://doi:10.1177/0042098009102371(with K. Gough, J. Rigg and J. Agergaard)

 

‘The World Development Report 2009 “reshapes economic geography”: Geographical reflections’, 2009. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers. 34, 1-9. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1475-5661.2009.00340.x/full(with J. Rigg, A. Bebbington, K. Gough, J. Agergaard, N. Fold)

 

‘From Agrarian Moral Economy to Plural Civil Society in Southeast Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa’. 2009. in Sugimura, K. (ed) 2009. Comparative Perspectives on Moral Economy: Africa and Southeast Asia, Fukui Prefectural University, Japan, 50-65, (with D. Henley). 

 

‘Roadmapping Development and Poverty Alleviation: Transport and the Millennium Development Goals in Africa’. 2009. in Greico, M., M. Ndulo, D. Bryceson, G. Porter, T. McCray (eds) Transport and the Millennium Development Goals, Newcastle, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 1-24.

 

‘The Urban Melting Pot in East Africa: Ethnicity and Urban Growth in Kampala and Dar es Salaam’ 2009. in Locatelli, F. and P.  Nugent (eds) African Cities: Competing Claims on Urban Space. Leiden, Brill, 241-260.

 

‘Dar es Salaam: Porto de Paz’. 2009. in Aliança de Civilizações: Um Caminho Possível? Janus 2009 – Portugal No Mundo- Yearbook of International Relations. Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa, Lisbon, 196.

 

‘Roads to Poverty Reduction? Exploring Rural Roads’ Impact on Mobility in Africa and Asia’, 2008. Development Policy Review 26(4), 459-82 (with A. Bradbury & T. Bradbury)

 

‘African Agriculture and the World Development Report 2008’, 2008. Development Today. (with K. Havnevik)

 

‘Moral Economy Inversion: Ganyu Labour in Rural Malawi’ 2008. in Kimambo, I., G. Hyden, S. Maghimbi & T. Tsuruta (eds) Contemporary Perspectives on African  Moral Economy, Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam University Press, 87-106.

 

‘Introduction: The Artistry of Social Life’. 2007 in Bryceson, D.F., J. Okely and J. Webber (eds), Identity and Networks: Fashioning Gender and Ethnicity across Cultures. Oxford, Berghahn Publishers, 1-18.

 

‘Alcohol in Africa’. 2007. Encyclopedia of Western Colonialism since 1450. Michigan, Macmillan. 

 

‘An Enduring or Dying Peasantry? Interactive Impact of Famine and HIV/AIDS in Rural Malawi’. 2006. in Gillespie, S. (ed.) HIV/AIDS and Food and Nutrition Security. Vol 1: Interactions and Impacts, Washington DC, International Food Policy Research Institute, 97-108

 

‘Risking Death for Survival: Peasant Responses to Famine and HIV/AIDS in Malawi’. 2006. World Development 34 (9), 1654-66 (with J. Fonseca) 

 

‘Ganyu Labour, Famine and HIV/AIDS in Rural Malawi: Causality and Casualty’. 2006. Journal of Modern African Studies, 44 (2), 173-202

 

  ‘Fragile Cities: Fundamentals of Urban Life in East and Southern Africa’, 2-38

  ‘African Urban Economies: Searching for the Sources of Sustenance’, 39-66

  ‘Vulnerability and Viability of East and Southern Africa’s Apex Cities’, 319-40

in Bryceson, D.F. and D. Potts (eds). 2006. African Urban Economies: Viability, Vitality or Vitiation?, Palgrave Macmillan

‘Dar es Salaam Place Names: Mapping Urban Physical Growth and Moral Value Transformation’, 2006. Tanzanian Journal of Population Studies and Development 13(2), 29-70( with P. Schotsman)

 

‘Rural Livelihoods and Agrarian Change in Sub-Saharan Africa: Processes and Policies’. 2005. in Ellis, F. and A. Freeman (eds) Rural Livelihoods and Poverty Reduction Policies, London, Routledge, 48-61.

 

‘Agrarian Transformation’. 2005. in Forsyth, T. (ed) Encyclopedia of International Development, London and New York, Routledge.

 

‘Agrarian Vista or Vortex? African Rural Livelihoods Policy’. 2004. Review of African Political Economy 102, 617-29

 

‘Petrol Pumps and Economic Slumps: Rural-Urban Linkages in Sub-Saharan Africa’s Globalization Process’. 2003.  Journal of Economic and Social Geography  94(3), 335-49 (with T.C. Mbara)

 

‘Livelihoods, Daily Mobility and Poverty in Sub Saharan Africa’. 2003. Transport Review 23 (2), 177-96 (with T.C. Mbara and D.A.C. Maunder)

 

‘The Scramble in Africa: Reorienting Rural Livelihoods’. 2002. World Development 30 (5), 725-39 

 

‘Multiplex Livelihoods in Rural Africa: Recasting the Terms and Conditions of Gainful Employment’. 2002.  Journal of Modern African Studies 40 (1), 1-28

 

  ‘Alcohol in Africa: Substance, Stimulus and Society’. 3-21

  ‘Changing Modalities of Alcohol Usage’, 22-52

  ‘Pleasure and Pain: The Ambiguity of Alcohol in Africa’, 267-291 

in Bryceson, D.F. (ed.). 2002. Alcohol in Africa: Mixing Business, Pleasure and Politics, Portsmouth, NH, Heinemann 

 

  ‘Transnational Families in the Twenty-first Century’, 3-30 (with U. Vuorela)

  ‘Europe’s Transnational Families and Migration: Past and Present, 31-59

  'Epilogue’, 265-67

in Bryceson, D.F. and U. Vuorela (eds). 2002. The Transnational Family: New European Frontiers and Global Networks, Oxford, Berg Publishers 

 

‘Countryside and City: Balancing or Blurring Differences?’ in Schmidt, J.D. and K. Gough (eds). 2001. Urban Development in a Transitional Context, Development Research Series, Occasional Papers No. 2, Research Center on Development and International Relations, Aalborg University, Denmark, 192-219 

‘End of an Era: The Development Policy Parallax’. 2001. in Bank, L. and D.F. Bryceson (eds), Livelihoods, Linkages and Policy Paradoxes, Special Issue of the Journal of Contemporary African Studies 19 (1), 1-19 (with Leslie Bank)

 

‘Of Criminals and Clients: African Culture and Afro-Pessimism in a Globalized World’. 2000. Journal of Canadian African Studies 34 (2), 417-42

 

  'Peasant Theories and Smallholder Policies: Past and Present’, 1-36

  ‘African Peasants’ Centrality and Marginality: Rural Labour Transformations’, 37-63

  ‘Disappearing Peasantries? Rural Labour Redundancy in the Neo-liberal Era and Beyond’, 299-326 

in Bryceson, D.F., C. Kay and J. Mooij (eds). 2000. Disappearing Peasantries? Rural Labour in Africa, Asia and Latin America, London: Intermediate Technology Publications 

‘Urban Local Dynamics’ 1999. in Stein, C. (ed.). Development and Urban Africa, Barcelona: Centre d’Estudis Africans, 253-56

 

 ‘African Rural Labour, Income Diversification and Livelihood Approaches: A Long-Term Development Perspective’. 1999. Review of African Political Economy, No. 80, 171-89

‘Maize Marketing Policies in Tanzania, 1939-98: From Basic Needs to Market Basics’ 1999. in Dijkstra, T., L. van der Laan and A. van Tilberg (eds). Agricultural Marketing in Tropical Africa, Aldershot: Ashgate, 19-42 (with Pekka Seppälä and Marja-Liisa Tapio-Biström)

‘Methods for Tracing Rapid Market Change: Urban Grain Supply Networks in Tanzania’, 1999. in Harriss-White, B. (ed.). Agricultural Markets from Theory to Practice: Field Experience in Developing Countries, London, Macmillan, 151-66

 

‘African Rural Labour and the World Bank: An Alternative Perspective’. 1998, Development in Practice 7 (1), 26-38 (with John Howe)

 

‘The Legal Status of Women and Poverty in Tanzania’. 1998. Africa 68(2). (with J. Lewis, G.T. Emeagwali, M.C. Snyder and M. Rwebangira)

‘Lightening the Load on Rural Women: How Appropriate is the Technology directed towards Africa’. 1997. Gender Technology and Development 1 (1), 23-45 (with Michael McCall)

 

  ‘De-agrarianisation in Sub-Saharan Africa: Acknowledging the Inevitable’, 3-20  

  ‘De-agrarianisation: Blessing or Blight?’, 237-256

in Bryceson, D.F. and V. Jamal (eds). 1997. Farewell to Farms: De-agrarianisation and Employment in Africa, Aldershot: Ashgate

‘Peasant Societies in Eastern Africa’. 1997. in Middleton, J. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Africa South of the Sahara, New York: Schuster & Schuster

 

‘Structural Adjustment in Tanzania: Rural Women Farmers: Production Opportunity or Overload?’. 1996. in Schmied, D. (ed.), Changing Rural Structures in Tanzania, Munster: Lit Verlag, 1-30

 

'De-Agrarianization and Rural Employment in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Sectoral Perspective'. 1996. World Development 24(1), 97-111

 

‘An Agrarian Continent in Transition’. 1995. in Ellis, S. (ed.) Africa Now, London: James Currey Publishers (with John D. Howe)

 

  ‘African Women Hoe Cultivators: Speculative Origins and Current Enigmas’, 3-22

  ‘Wishful Thinking: Theory and Practice of Western Donor Efforts to Raise Women's Status in Rural       Africa’, 201-13 

  ‘Burying the Hoe?’, 257-71

in Bryceson, D.F. (ed.). 1995. Women Wielding the Hoe: Lessons from Rural Africa for Feminist Theory and Development Practice, Oxford: Berg Publishers

 

‘Gender Relations in Tanzania: Cultural Consensus or Power Politics?’. 1995. in Creighton, C. & C.K. Omari, (eds.), Family, Household and Gender in Tanzania, Aldershot: Avebury, 37-69.

'Too Many Assumptions: Researching Grain Markets in Tanzania'. 1994. Nordic Journal of African Studies 3 (1), 29-45

'Trade Roots in Tanzania: Evolution of Urban Grain Markets under Structural Adjustment'. 1994. Sociologia Ruralis   34(1), 13-25

 

'Easing Women's Working Day in Sub-Saharan Africa'. 1994. Development Policy Review 12(1), 59-68

'Women and Labour-based Roadworks in Sub-Saharan Africa'. 1993. in Johannessen, B. (ed.) Labour-based Technology: A Review of Current Practice, Geneva: International Labour Office, CTP 133, 140-153 (with J. Howe)

 

'Rural Household Transport in Africa: Reducing the Burden on Women?' 1993. World Development, 21(11), November 1993, 1715-28 (with J. Howe)

'Reducing the Burden on African Women'. 1993. Appropriate Technology Journal, 14-17 (with J. Howe)

 

‘Urban Bias Revisited: Tanzanian Staple Food Pricing’. 1992. European Journal of Development Research 4(2), Special Issue: Real Markets: Social and Political Issues of Food Policy Reform edited by C. Hewitt de Alcàntara, 82-106

 

'Nutrition and the Commoditization of Food in Sub-Saharan Africa'. 1989. Social Science and Medicine 28(5), 425-440

 

‘Peasant Cash Cropping versus Food Self-Sufficiency in Tanzania: A Historical Perspective’. 1988. IDS Bulletin 19(2), 37-46

‘Dar es Salaam Food Shortages: Causes and Responses’. 1988. in Jonsson, U., M.C. Latham, L. Bondestam & P. Chorlton (eds.), Hunger and Society, Vol. 3, Causes and Strategies in Tanzania, Cornell International Nutrition Monograph Series, No. 19, 286-296

 

‘Household, Hoe and Nation: Development Policies of the Nyerere Era’. 1988. in Hodd, M. (ed.), Tanzania after Nyerere, London: Frances Pinter, 35-48

 

‘A Century of Food Supply in Dar es Salaam: From Sumptuous Suppers for the Sultan to Maize Meal for a Million’. 1987. in Guyer, J. (ed.), Feeding African Cities, International African Institute, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 155-202

 

Food and Urban Purchasing Power: The Case of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania’. 1985. African Affairs Vol. 84, No. 337, 499-522 

‘Women's Proletarianization and the Family Wage in Tanzania’. 1985. in Afshar, H. (ed.), Women, Work, and Ideology in the Third World, London: Tavistock Publications, 128-152

 

‘Women in Town: Emancipation and Proletarianization’. 1985. in Swantz, M-L., Women in Development: A Creative Role Denied? The Case of Tanzania, London: C. Hurst & Company, 122-152 (with Marja-Liisa Swantz)

‘The Organization of Tanzanian Grain Marketing: Switching Roles of the Co-operative and the Parastatal’. 1985. in K. Arhin, P. Hesp and L. van der Laan (eds.), Marketing Boards in Tropical Africa, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul PLC, 53-78

 

'Outside the Domestic Labor Debate: Towards a Theory of Modes of Human Reproduction’. 1984. Review of Radical Political Economics, No. 16(2/3), 137-166 (with U. Vuorela). doi:10.1177/048661348401600207, http://rrp.sagepub.com/content/16/2-3/137.full.pdf

 

'Use Values, the Law of Value and the Analysis of Non-capitalist Production’. 1983. Capital and Class No. 20, 29-63. doi:10.1177/030981688302000102, http://cnc.sagepub.com/content/7/2/29.full.pdf

‘"The Tepid Backwater": Bagamoyo District in the Tanganyikan Colonial Economy 1920-19’. 1983. Transafrican Journal of History Vol. 11, 1-25

 

‘Tanzanian Grain Supply: Peasant Production and State Policies’, Food Policy 7(2). 1982. 113-124

‘Peasant Commodity Production in Post-Colonial Tanzania’. 1982. African Affairs Vol. 81, No. 325, 547-567

 

  'The Concept of Development in the Social Sciences’, 13-27 (with Kemal Mustafa)

   ‘Participatory Research: Redefining the Relationship between Theory and Practice’, 87-109 (with Kemal Mustafa)

in Kassam, Y. & K. Mustafa (eds.). 1982. Participatory Research, African Adult Education Association, New Delhi: Grafique

‘Colonial Famine Responses: The Case of Bagamoyo District, Tanganyika, 1920-1961’. 1981. Food Policy 6(2), 91-104

 ‘The Methodology of the Participatory Research Approach’. 1981. in Dubell, F., T. Erasmie and J. de Vries (eds.), Research for the People, Sweden: Linkoping University (with L. Manicom & Y. Kassum)

‘The Proletarianization of Women in Tanzania’. 1980. Review of African Political Economy, No. 17, 4-27